FactBot Database

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Bible Database


"This is what the Lord says- He who made you, who formed you in the womb, and who will help you" --Isaiah 44:2

"For You created my innermost being; You knit me together in my mother's womb. I praise You because I am fearfully and wonderfully made." --Psalm 139:13-14

"Surely I was sinful at birth, sinful from the time my mother conceived me." --Psalm 51:5

"Sons are a heritage from the Lord, children a reward from Him." --Psalm 127:3

"Defend the cause of the weak and fatherless...Rescue the weak and needy." --Psalm 82:3-4

"Before I formed you in the womb I knew you." --Jeremiah 1:5 (NIV)

"...there were twin boys in her womb." --Genesis 25:24 (NIV)

"If men who are fighting hit a pregnant woman and she gives birth prematurely but there is no serious injury, the offender must be fined whatever the woman's husband demands and the court allows. But if there is serious injury you are to take life for life, eye for eye...." --Exodus 21:22-25, New International Version.

"When men strive together and they hurt unintentionally a woman with child, and her children come forth but no mischief happens--that is, the woman and the children do not die--the one who hurt her shall surely be punished by a fine. But if any mischief happen, that is if the woman dies or the children die, then you shall give life for life, ..." --Umberto Cassuto, renowned Hebrew scholar, in his Commentary on the Book of Exodus.

"I have come that they may have life, and have it to the fullest." --Jesus Christ (John 10:10)

"Rescue those being led away to death." --Proverbs 24:11 (NIV)

Talking about John the Baptist, "and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit even from his mother's womb." --Luke 1:15(NIV) There is no record of the Holy Spirit ever filling anything but a person.

"Before I was born the Lord called me..." "And now the Lord says-He who formed me in the womb to be His servant..." --Isaiah 49:1,5

The apostle Paul says "But when God, who set me apart from my mother's womb and called me by His grace..." --Galatians 1:15(NIV)

"If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall surely be punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine. And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life..." --Exodus 21:22-25, King James Version.

"Did not He who made me in the womb make them? Did not the same One form us both within our mothers?" --Job 31:15 (NIV)

"Cursed is he who accepts a bribe to strike down an innocent person." --Deu 27:25 (NAS)

"..do not shed innocent blood..." --Jeremiah 7:6 (NIV)

Conception Database


At a US Senate Judiciary Subcommittee meeting, most scientists stated that life begins at conception or implantation of the embryo; only one said that no one can tell when life begins. No scientist present claimed that life begins at birth.

In a July 31, 1987 edition of The Oregonian, the newspaper reported a child born several months after her mother was declared legally brain dead.

"The cell (a single-celled zygote) results from fertilization of an oocyte by a sperm and is the beginning of human life." -The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology Keith L. Moore. 2nd Ed., Philadelphia W.B. Sanders, 1977.

"Each individual has a very neat beginning at conception.... [This is] not a metaphysical contention, it is plain experimental evidence." -Dr. Jerome LeJune, discoverer of the chromosome pattern of Down's syndrome in 1981, in a testimony to a Senate Judiciary Subcommittee.

"By all the criteria of modern molecular biology, life is present from the moment of conception." -Professor Hymie Gordon, Mayo Clinic.

"If a fertilized egg is not by itself a full human being it could not become one, because nothing is added to it." --Dr. Jerome Lejeune, discoverer of the chromosome pattern of Down's Syndrome "Conception confers life and makes that life one of a kind." --Dr. Landrum Shettles, father of in vitro fertilization

"Physicians, biologists, and other scientists agree that conception marks the beginning of the life of a human being--a being that is alive and is a member of the human species. There is overwhelming agreement on this point in countless medical, biological, and scientific writings." --Report from the Subcommittee on Separation of Powers to Senate Judiciary Committee S-158 1981.

"It is scientifically correct to say that individual human life begins at conception." --Dr. M. Matthews-Roth, Harvard University

"Every time a sperm cell and ovum unite a new being is created which is alive and will continue to live unless its death is brought about by some specific condition." --Pathology of the Fetus and the Infant, 3rd Ed. E.L. Potter and J.M. Craig (1975) page vii.

"A new individual is created when the elements of a potent sperm merge with those of a fertile egg." --from the article "Pregnancy" in The Encyclopedia Britanica, 15ed, vol 14 1974. page 968.

"Your baby starts out as a fertilized egg... For the first six weeks, the baby is called an embryo." --Prenatal Care, US Dept of Health and Human Services, Maternal and Child Health Div 1990.

Clinic Database


The Supreme Court ruled against requiring information to be given to women considering abortion because such information "may serve only to confuse her and heighten her anxiety." --Thornburgh v American College of OBGYN, 1986

"...genetic counseling should be nondirective, that is, the counselor should remain objective in providing information that will allow competent counselees to make their own informed decision." --Essentials of Prenatal Diagnosis, edited by Joe Leigh Simpson, M.D., and Sherman Elias, M.D. Churchill Livingstone, 1993, p. 398.

"Through public conditioning, use of language, concepts, and laws, the idea of abortion can be separated from the idea of killing." -Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, December 1971.

"The picture of the baby on the ultrasound bothered me more than anything else. The staff couldn't take it. Women who were having abortions were never allowed to see the ultrasound." -Dr. Joseph Randall, abortionist.

"Seeing a blown-up, moving image of the embryo she is carrying can be distressing to a woman about to undergo an abortion. The [sonogram] screen should be turned away from her." --Dr. Dorfman, OB GYN News, Feb 1986.

"In fact many women will come to me considering abortion, and I have been personally told that I am to turn the monitor away from her view so that seeing her baby jump around on the screen does not influence her choice." --Shari Richard, Ultrasonographer, "Ultrasound: A Window to the Womb" (Video)

"We were told to find the woman's weakness and work on it. The women were never given any alternatives. They were told how much trouble it was to have a baby." -Debra Henry, abortion clinic staffer.

According to former abortion clinic owner Carol Everet, professional marketing experts are used to train clinic employees on how to sell abortions.

"An abortion kills the life of a baby after it has begun. It is dangerous to your life and health." --Planned Parenthood 'Plan Your Children' pamphlet, 1963.

In a study perfomed with 252 women, the investigators concluded that "the occurrance of either induced or spontaneous abortions independently and significantly increased the risk of subsequent development of secondary infertility." --Study done at Harvard from the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. Feb 1993 issue.

In 1990, Planned Parenthood reported prenatal care for 4,732 women and abortions for 122,191 women.

1990 Wall Street Journal Poll indicated three-fourths of Americans favor a law requiring parental notification of abortion.

While 39000 women who have had an abortion are in NARAL, 245000 women who have had abortions are members of National Right to Life.

The saline injection method of abortion was developed in Nazi concentration camps.

Roughly 42 per cent of all baby girls are aborted, whereas only 25 per cent of all baby boys are aborted. (calculated from Planned Parenthood data)

"After 5-10 years 54 per cent of mothers choosing abortion had nightmares and 96 per cent felt they had taken a human life." --from a study done by Dr. Anne Speckhard, U of Minnesota

The abortion industry makes 500 million dollars a year in the US, and an estimated 10 billion a year worldwide.

95 per cent of women who have had abortions said that their Planned Parenthood counselors gave "...little or no biological information about the fetus which the abortion would destroy." --from Aborted Women:Silent No More(David Reardon Crossway Books, 1987)

80 per cent of women who have had abortions from Planned Parenthood said their counselors gave "...little or no information about the potential health risks which might follow the surgery." and 68 per cent felt "...the procedure was not described with any degree of depth of clarity." --Aborted Women:Silent No More (David Reardon, Crossway Books, 1987)

"Abortion is promoted as a decision between a woman and her doctor. But, the percentage of abortions performed in clinics where the woman never sees the doctor until he appears to abort her baby is over 90 per cent." --Human Life Alliance Advertising Supplement, 1991

Development Database


By the end of the second week of pregnancy, there is a distinct embryo present. The fetus has a developing brain and a rudimentary heart. --Gray's Anatomy

By the end of the third week of pregnancy, the fetus has the beginnings of vetrebrae, developing eyes and ears, a closed circulatory system (separate from the mother's), a working heart, the beginnings of lungs, and budding limbs. --Gray's Anatomy

By the end of the fourth week of pregnancy, the fetus has the beginnings of vertebrae, developing eyes and ears, a closed circulatory system, a working heart, lungs, limbs, a developing nose, and a pancreas. --Gray's Anatomy

By the end of the fifth week of pregnancy, the fetus has the beginnings of vertebrae, a bony jaw and clavicle, developing eyes, ears, and nose, a closed circulatory system, a working heart, lungs, limbs, hands, feet, and a pancreas. --Gray's Anatomy

By the end of the sixth week of pregnancy, the fetus has a vertebral column, a bony jaw and clavicle, a primative cranium, ribs, a developing nervous system, a closed circulatory system with a working heart, developing eyes, ears, and nose, lungs, limbs, hands, feet, a pancreas, a bladder, kidneys, a tongue, a larynx, a thyroid body, and germs of teeth. --Gray's Anatomy

By the end of the seventh week of pregnancy, the fetus has a vertebral column, a bony jaw and clavicle, a primative cranium, ribs, femur, tibia, palate, upper jaw, developing nervous system, a closed circulatory system with a working heart, developing eyes, ears, and nose, lungs, arms, legs, hands, feet, a pancreas, a bladder, kidneys, a tongue, a larynx, a thyroid body, germs of teeth, and the beginnings of muscles. --Gray's Anatomy

By the end of the second month of pregnancy, the fetus has a vertebral column, a bony jaw, clavicle, and palate, a cranium, ribcage, femur, tibia, forearms that can be distinguished from arms, and thighs that can be distinguished from legs, a developing nervous sytem, sympathetic nerves (meaning the fetus can feel pain), a closed circulatory system and a working heart, eyes, developing ears and nose, lungs, arms and forearms, legs and thighs, hands and feet, a pancreas, a bladder, kidneys, a tongue, a larynx, a thyroid, germs of teeth, and developing muscles. --Gray's Anatomy

After 9 weeks, unborn babies can feel pain, yet 48 per cent of all abortions are done after this point (US Department of Health and Human Services).

"Scientists have found hints of consciousness in 7-month-old fetuses and measured brain-wave patterns like those during dreaming during 8 months. They have pushed sentience back to the end of the second trimester and shown that fetuses can learn. With no hype at all, the fetus can rightly be called a marvel of cognition, consciousness, and sentience." --"Do You Hear What I Hear?" Newsweek Special Issue, Summer 1991

"After 28 weeks in utero, the fetus can hear.... By four months in a female fetus, all 5 million ova have formed. At 4 & 1/2 months, the fetus responds to a brush on its lips by sucking. By six weeks the brain is visible and electrically active; by eight, it has convoluted folds and shape of an adult brain." --"Do You Hear What I Hear?" Newsweek Special Issue, Summer 1991

"Brainwaves have been recorded at 40 days on the Electroencephalogram (EEG)" --H. Hamlin, Journal of the American Medical Association, October 12, 1964.

"The body of the unborn baby is more complex than ours. The preborn baby has several extra parts to his body which he needs only so long as he lives inside his mother.... These all belong to the baby himself, not to his mother. They are all developed from his original cell." (These include the amniotic sac, the umbillical cord, and the placenta) --Day & Liley, The Secret World of the Baby (Random House, 1968, p. 13)

"Using ultrasound techniques, it was first shown that rapid eye movements (REM) which are characteristic of active dream states have been demonstrated at 23 weeks." --J. Birnhaltz, Science (vol 213, 1981)

"...and so by the close of the first trimester the fetus is a sentient, moving being. We need not speculate as to the nature of his psychic attributes, but we may assert that the organization of his psychosomatic self is well under way." --Dr. Arnold Gesell, Yale (The Embryology of Behavior, Harper Bros., 1945)

Of the 45 generations of cell divisions before adulthood, 41 have taken place before you were born.

Fact Database


There have been an estimated 31 million unborn children killed so far by abortion in the U.S. --Alan Guttmacher Institute of Planned Parenthood NOTE: There were 6 million Jews killed by the Nazis during World War II.

1.6 million babies per year are aborted in the US alone. That's 4,400 deaths every day, 183 every hour, three every minute.

There have been more abortion deaths (30 million) than all US war deaths combined (1.16 million). --World Almanac

One-third of all babies are aborted (Planned Parenthood). Abortion is the most frequent surgical operation, according to the National Center for Health Statistics.

In 1990, Planned Parenthood reported prenatal care for 4,732 women and abortions for 122,191 women.

The Los Angeles Times requires their writers to use the terms "pro-choice" and "anti-abortion" in all articles.

According to the AG Institute, 40 per cent of women who have abortions will have more than one, 50 per cent of women who have abortions use it as their sole means of birth control, and only 3 per cent are done for the mother's health.

There are currently 2 million couples waiting for adoption in America (National Commission for Adoption), yet there are 30 abortions for every one adoption.

Since abortion was leagalized in 1973, the number of reported cases of child abuse has increased by 1,497 per cent, from 167,000 in 1973 to 2.5 million in 1991 (US Department of Health & Human Services).

USC professor Edward Lenoski from Heartbeat surveyed 674 abused children and found 91 per cent were from planned pregnancies. An average of 63 per cent of all pregnancies are wanted.

The Supreme Court ruled against requiring information to be given to women considering abortion because such information "may serve only to confuse her and heighten her anxiety." --Thornburgh v American College of OBGYN, 1986

Over 84 per cent of women who choose abortion stated that they would keep their babies under better circumstances; 72 per cent stated they would definitely not have sought an abortion if they were illegal. (Aborted Women: Silent No More).

According to former abortion clinic owner Carol Everet, professional marketing experts are used to train clinic employees on how to sell abortions.

In a 1989 Los Angeles Times poll, 61 per cent said they thought abortion is immoral, and 57 per cent believed it is murder.

In a July 17, 1989 Newsweek poll, 74 per cent favored parental consent, 61 per cent supported no public funding of abortion, and 88 per cent supported women being counseled on alternatives to abortion.

In a 1991 Gallup poll, 77 per cent answered that abortion takes a life, 26 per cent called themselves strongly pro-life, 49 per cent said they often disapprove of abortion, another 25 per cent considtently disapprove, and 89 per cent of the respondants incorrectly answered the question, "When is abortion legal?"

In 1971-72, 33 states independently debated the abortion issue and all of them left it illegal. --Handbook on Abortion (Library of Congress Catologue #85-060144)

1990 Wall Street Journal Poll indicated three-fourths of Americans favor a law requiring parental notification of abortion.

1991 Gallup Poll, 52.6 percent of women and 47.3 percent of men stated that life begins at conception. 5.5 percent of women and 9.6 percent of men stated life begins at birth.

While 39000 women who have had an abortion are in NARAL (National Abortion Rights Action League), 245000 women who have had abortions are members of National Right to Life.

The saline injection method of abortion was developed in Nazi concentration camps.

Roughly 42 per cent of all baby girls are aborted, whereas only 25 per cent of all baby boys are aborted. (calculated from Planned Parenthood data)

"After 5-10 years 54 per cent of mothers choosing abortion had nightmares and 96 per cent felt they had taken a human life." --from a study done by Dr. Anne Speckhard, U of Minnesota

"In an abortion procedure, one unborn baby with Down's was killed while his nonhandicapped twin was allowed to live." --"Selective Birth in Twin Pregnancy with Discordancy for Down's Syndrome" New England Journal of Medicine, vol 48 Aug 1987

The abortion industry makes 500 million dollars a year in the US, and an estimated 10 billion a year worldwide.

95 per cent of women who have had abortions said that their Planned Parenthood counselors gave "...little or no biological information about the fetus which the abortion would destroy." --from Aborted Women:Silent No More(David Reardon Crossway Books, 1987)

80 per cent of women who have had abortions from Planned Parenthood said their counselors gave "...little or no information about the potential health risks which might follow the surgery." and 68 per cent felt "...the procedure was not described with any degree of depth of clarity." --Aborted Women:Silent No More (David Reardon, Crossway Books, 1987)

"Abortion is the leading cause of death in Minnesota. According to statistics compiled by the MN Dept. of Health in 1988 (the last year for which this information was available), the number of babies killed by abortion each day in Minnesota is 47." --Human Life Alliance Advertising Supplement, 1991

"Abortion is promoted as a decision between a woman and her doctor. But, the percentage of abortions performed in clinics where the woman never sees the doctor until he appears to abort her baby is over 90 per cent." --Human Life Alliance Advertising Supplement, 1991

"During approximately the last three months of pregnancy, or the third trimester, the Court allowed states to restrict abortions "except where it is necessary... for the preservation of life or health of the mother.' However, in Doe v. Bolton,... the Court defined 'health' to include 'all factors--physical, emotional, psychological, familial, and the woman's age-- relevant to the well-being of the patient.'" --Human Life Alliance Advertising Supplement, 1991

Fetus is latin for "offspring or young one".

A study reported that condoms fail 15.7 percent in preventing pregnancy. Family Planning Perspectives Vol.21 May/June 1989, article by Elise F. Jones.

HIV, the cause of AIDS, is 1/25th the size of a sperm. --Journal of the Americam Medical Association. Vol.257 May 1, 1987.

Researchers discovered that latex gloves, made of the same material as condoms, have "channels of 5 microns that penetrated the entire thickness of the glove." Nature Vol.335 Sept 1, 1988 While HIV measures 0.1 microns. --American Journal of Nursing Oct 1987 p.1306

One study of married couples in which one partner was infected with HIV found that 17 percent of the partners using condoms for protection still caught the virus within one and a half years. --Third International Conference on AIDS June 1-5 1987. Abstracts Volume p178.

"The rubber comprising latex condoms has intrinsic voids of about 5 microns...Contrarily, the AIDS virus is only 0.1 micron in size. Since this is a factor of 50 smaller than the voids inherent in rubber, the virus can readily pass through the condom.." --Washington Times, April 22, 1992, C.M. Roland, Editor of Rubber Chemistry & Technology.

Since Roe v. Wade, the number of juvenile violent crime arrest rates has increased, from 215.9 arrests per 100,000 people in 1970, to 430.6 arrests per 100,000 people in 1990. --The Index of Leading Cultural Indicators, by William J. Bennett, published jointly by Empower America and The Heritage Foundation, 1993, vol 1, p. 4.

Since Roe v. Wade, the number of children relying on AFDC (Aid to Families with Dependent Children) has risen from 8.5 per cent (of all children) in 1970 to 11.9 per cent in 1990. --The Index of Leading Cultural Indicators, by William J. Bennett, published jointly by Empower America and The Heritage Foundation, 1993, vol 1, p. 5.

Since Roe v. Wade, the number of children living in poverty has increased, from 15.1 per cent (of all children) in 1970 to 20.6 per cent in 1990. --The Index of Leading Cultural Indicators, by William J. Bennett, published jointly by Empower America and The Heritage Foundation, 1993, vol 1, p. 6.

Since Roe v. Wade, the number of teen pregnancies has increased, from 4.94 per cent (of all teenagers) in 1972 to 9.92 per cent in 1990. --The Index of Leading Cultural Indicators, by William J. Bennett, published jointly by Empower America and The Heritage Foundation, 1993, vol 1, p. 6.

Since Roe v. Wade, the number of teen abortions has increased, from 19.9 per thousand teenagers in 1972, to 43.8 per thousand teenagers in 1990, while the number of teen births has increased from 22.8 per thousand teenagers to 42.5 per thousand teenagers in 1990. --The Index of Leading Cultural Indicators, by William J. Bennett, published jointly by Empower America and The Heritage Foundation, 1993, vol 1, p. 6.

Since Roe v. Wade, the number of births to unmarried women has increased, from 10.7 per cent (of all births) in 1970, to 28.0 per cent in 1990. Since Roe v. Wade, the number of pregnancies ending in abortion has increased, from 12.9 per cent (of total pregnancies) in 1972, to 24.6 per cent in 1990. --The Index of Leading Cultural Indicators, by William J. Bennett, published jointly by Empower America and The Heritage Foundation, 1993, vol 1, p. 6.

Dr. Sandra Samuels, director of the Rutgers University Student Health Center, reported in 1989 that "Infection rates [of chlamydia] were equivalent reguardless of the contraceptive method. Diaphram and condom users had infection rates of 44 and 35.7 percent respectively whereas those using no contraception or oral contraception had infection rates of 44 and 37 percent."

Law Database


In 1974, the US Congress voted unanimously to delay capital punishment of a pregnant woman until after the delivery of the baby.

No smoking laws are anti-choice.

The popular seatbelt law, which has saved many lives, places life above choice.

"We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life...." --Thomas Jefferson

Many government agencies currently sponsor public service announcements that urge women not to drink or smoke while they are pregnant.

In Illinois, a pregnant woman who takes an illegal drug can be prosecuted for delivering a controlled substance to a minor.

Several states have laws requiring that aborted babies be disposed of in a "humane" fashion. Specifically, Minnesota has a law that requires abortion clinics to bury or cremate aborted babies.

"The State shall not deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the law." --Fourteenth Amendment

"I will maintain the utmost respect for human life, from the time of conception; even under threat, I will not use my knowledge contrary to the laws of humanity." --World Medical Association's Declaration of Geneva 1948

"A doctor must always bear in mind the importance of preserving human life from the time of conception until death." --International Code of Medical Ethics, 1949

In Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court admitted that, "If the suggestion of personhood [for the unborn] is established, the appellant's case [for abortion] of course, collapses, for the fetus' right to life is then guaranteed specifically by the fourteenth amendment."

In Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court defined viability (and thus legal personhood) as "potentially able to life outside the mother's womb, albeit with artificial aid." (In Dred Scott v. Sanford, 1857, the Supreme Court ruled that slaves were not legal persons.)

"We do not see why the State's interest in protecting potential human life should come into existence only at the point of viability." --1989 Webster v. Reproductive Services

"I will neither give a deadly drug to anyone if asked for; nor will I make a suggestion to this effect. Similarly I will not give to a woman an abortive remedy." --Hippocratic Oath

"Roe versus Wade is not a constitutional law." --Dr. John Ely, Dean of Stanford Law School

"The child by reasons of his physical and mental immaturity, needs special safeguards and care including appropriate legal protection, before as well as after birth." --UN Declaration on the Rights of a Child, 1959

"Everyone has the right to life." --UN Declaration on Human Rights, 1948

March 6, 1857 the Supreme Court held that a black slave was the property of his owner and had no rights under the U.S. Constitution. --Dred Scott Case

The state of Texas "has a compelling interest to protect fetal life." -Texas Criminal Appeals Court, Roe v. Wade, 1970.

In 1859, the American Medical Association unanimously adopted a resolution condemning "the procuring of abortion, at every period of gestation, except as necessary for preserving the life of either mother or child."

"The law requires physicians to give accurate information to the parents and forbids the witholding of vital information from them." --Essentials of Prenatal Diagnosis, edited by Joe Leigh Simpson, M.D., and Sherman Elias, M.D. Churchill Livingstone, 1993, p. 398.

In 1971-72, 33 states independently debated the abortion issue and all of them left it illegal. --Handbook on Abortion (Library of Congress Catologue #85-060144)

"..no significant legal barriers of any kind whatsoever exist today in the United States for a woman to obtain an abortion for any reason during any stage of her pregnancy." --From the conclusion in a report from the US Senate Judiciary Committee, 98-149, 7 June 1983, p.6.

"Thus, the Court nominally allowed the state to prohibit post-viability abortions except in apparently limited cases, but it actually defined the limitation in a way that bars a state from prohibiting such abortions if physicians are willing to perform them." Mark Tushnet, "The Supreme Court on Abortion: A Survey", Abortion, Medicine, and the Law, 1986, p. 162.

"In sum, the Court has substantially restricted the kinds of regulations a state may adopt to protect potential life by requiring that abortions be allowed where necesssary to protect the woman's life or health and then by giving "health" a broad definition." Mark Tushnet, "The Supreme Court on Abortion: A Survey", Abortion, Medicine, and the Law, 1986, p. 164.

"During approximately the last three months of pregnancy, or the third trimester, the Court allowed states to restrict abortions "except where it is necessary... for the preservation of life or health of the mother.' However, in Doe v. Bolton,... the Court defined 'health' to include 'all factors--physical, emotional, psychological, familial, and the woman's age-- relevant to the well-being of the patient.'" --Human Life Alliance Advertising Supplement, 1991

"State Parties recognize that every child has the inherent right to life." --United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, 20 November 1989, Article 6. "For the purposes of the present Convention, a child means every human being below the age of 18 years..." --United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, 20 November 1989, Article 1.

Science Database


By the end of the second week of pregnancy, there is a distinct embryo present. The fetus has a developing brain and a rudimentary heart. --Gray's Anatomy

By the end of the third week of pregnancy, the fetus has the beginnings of vetrebrae, developing eyes and ears, a closed circulatory system (separate from the mother's), a working heart, the beginnings of lungs, and budding limbs. --Gray's Anatomy

By the end of the fourth week of pregnancy, the fetus has the beginnings of vertebrae, developing eyes and ears, a closed circulatory system, a working heart, lungs, limbs, a developing nose, and a pancreas. --Gray's Anatomy

By the end of the fifth week of pregnancy, the fetus has the beginnings of vertebrae, a bony jaw and clavicle, developing eyes, ears, and nose, a closed circulatory system, a working heart, lungs, limbs, hands, feet, and a pancreas. --Gray's Anatomy

By the end of the sixth week of pregnancy, the fetus has a vertebral column, a bony jaw and clavicle, a primative cranium, ribs, a developing nervous system, a closed circulatory system with a working heart, developing eyes, ears, and nose, lungs, limbs, hands, feet, a pancreas, a bladder, kidneys, a tongue, a larynx, a thyroid body, and germs of teeth. --Gray's Anatomy

By the end of the seventh week of pregnancy, the fetus has a vertebral column, a bony jaw and clavicle, a primative cranium, ribs, femur, tibia, palate, upper jaw, developing nervous system, a closed circulatory system with a working heart, developing eyes, ears, and nose, lungs, arms, legs, hands, feet, a pancreas, a bladder, kidneys, a tongue, a larynx, a thyroid body, germs of teeth, and the beginnings of muscles. --Gray's Anatomy

By the end of the second month of pregnancy, the fetus has a vertebral column, a bony jaw, clavicle, and palate, a cranium, ribcage, femur, tibia, forearms that can be distinguished from arms, and thighs that can be distinguished from legs, a developing nervous sytem, sympathetic nerves (meaning the fetus can feel pain), a closed circulatory system and a working heart, eyes, developing ears and nose, lungs, arms and forearms, legs and thighs, hands and feet, a pancreas, a bladder, kidneys, a tongue, a larynx, a thyroid, germs of teeth, and developing muscles. --Gray's Anatomy

After 9 weeks, unborn babies can feel pain, yet 48 per cent of all abortions are done after this point (US Department of Health and Human Services).

At a US Senate Judiciary Subcommittee meeting, most scientists stated that life begins at conception or implantation of the embryo; only one said that no one can tell when life begins. No scientist present claimed that life begins at birth.

The fetus has his/her own genetic code, blood type, sex. The fetus receives food from his/her mother, yet has a separate and distinct circulatory system.

In a July 31, 1987 edition of The Oregonian, the newspaper reported a child born several months after her mother was declared legally brain dead.

"The cell (a single-celled zygote) results from fertilization of an oocyte by a sperm and is the beginning of human life." -The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology Keith L. Moore. 2nd Ed., Philadelphia W.B. Sanders, 1977.

"Each individual has a very neat beginning at conception.... [This is] not a metaphysical contention, it is plain experimental evidence." -Dr. Jerome LeJune, discoverer of the chromosome pattern of Down's syndrome in 1981, in a testimony to a Senate Judiciary Subcommittee.

"By all the criteria of modern molecular biology, life is present from the moment of conception." "It is an established fact that all life, including human life, begins at the moment of conception." -Professor Hymie Gordon, Chief Geneticist at Mayo Clinic. Chairman of the Dept of Medical Genetics.

"Scientists have found hints of consciousness in 7-month-old fetuses and measured brain-wave patterns like those during dreaming during 8 months. They have pushed sentience back to the end of the second trimester and shown that fetuses can learn. With no hype at all, the fetus can rightly be called a marvel of cognition, consciousness, and sentience." --"Do You Hear What I Hear?" Newsweek Special Issue, Summer 1991

"After 28 weeks in utero, the fetus can hear.... By four months in a female fetus, all 5 million ova have formed. At 4 & 1/2 months, the fetus responds to a brush on its lips by sucking. By six weeks the brain is visible and electrically active; by eight, it has convoluted folds and shape of an adult brain." --"Do You Hear What I Hear?" Newsweek Special Issue, Summer 1991

"If a fertilized egg is not by itself a full human being it could not become one, because nothing is added to it." --Dr. Jerome Lejeune, discoverer of the chromosome pattern of Down's Syndrome

"Conception confers life and makes that life one of a kind." --Dr. Landrum Shettles, father of in vitro fertilization

"Physicians, biologists, and other scientists agree that conception marks the beginning of the life of a human being--a being that is alive and is a member of the human species. There is overwhelming agreement on this point in countless medical, biological, and scientific writings." --Report from the Subcommittee on Separation of Powers to Senate Judiciary Committee S-158 1981.

"It is scientifically correct to say that individual human life begins at conception." --Dr. M. Matthews-Roth, Harvard University

"Brainwaves have been recorded at 40 days on the Electroencephalogram (EEG)" --H. Hamlin, Journal of the American Medical Association, October 12, 1964.

"The body of the unborn baby is more complex than ours. The preborn baby has several extra parts to his body which he needs only so long as he lives inside his mother.... These all belong to the baby himself, not to his mother. They are all developed from his original cell." (These include the amniotic sac, the umbillical cord, and the placenta) --Day & Liley, The Secret World of the Baby (Random House, 1968, p. 13)

"Using ultrasound techniques, it was first shown that rapid eye movements (REM) which are characteristic of active dream states have been demonstrated at 23 weeks." --J. Birnhaltz, Science (vol 213, 1981)

"...and so by the close of the first trimester the fetus is a sentient, moving being. We need not speculate as to the nature of his psychic attributes, but we may assert that the organization of his psychosomatic self is well under way." --Dr. Arnold Gesell, Yale (The Embryology of Behavior, Harper Bros., 1945)

Of the 45 generations of cell divisions before adulthood, 41 have taken place before you were born.

"There certainly is the potential for ethical abuse of the [selective termination] procedure because of potential use in prenatal diagnosis of a twin pregnancy specifically for the purpose of sex selection." --Essentials of Prenatal Diagnosis, edited by Joe Leigh Simpson, M.D., and Sherman Elias, M.D., Churchill Livingstone, 1993, p. 342.

"It is our opinion that sex selection is not to be condoned, as it crosses the line between genetic diagnosis and eugenics." --Essentials of Prenatal Diagnosis, edited by Joe Leigh Simpson, M.D., and Sherman Elias, M.D., Churchill Livingstone, 1993, p. 343.

"...there is a wide divergence of clinical expression for each aneuploidy, especially cases of [Down's Syndrome] whose phenotypes range from severe psycho-motor manifestations to milder degrees, allowing sheltered independence for rare individuals. However, no means available at present allow prognostic differentiation prenatally and thus selective reassurance for the expectant parents." --Essentials of Prenatal Diagnosis, edited by Joe Leigh Simpson, M.D., and Sherman Elias, M.D. Churchill Livingstone, 1993, p. 343.

"We do not believe that selective termination should ever be considered a frivolous procedure done merely for convenience." --Essentials of Prenatal Diagnosis, edited by Joe Leigh Simpson, M.D., and Sherman Elias, M.D. Churchill Livingstone, 1993, p.343.

First-trimester abortion maternal mortality rates:

Procedure                  Deaths per 100,000 cases


Suction curettage........................0.8 D and E..................................5.1 Instillation............................10.1 Hysterectomy/hysterotomy................44.8
--Essentials of Prenatal Diagnosis, edited by Joe Leigh Simpson, M.D., and Sherman Elias, M.D. Churchill Livingstone, 1993, p. 315.

Second-trimester abortion maternal mortality rates:

Procedure                 Deaths per 100,000 cases


D and E..................................4.9 Saline Injection........................11.6 Prostaglandin Injection..................6.4 Hysterotomy/hysterectomy................47.8
--Essentials of Prenatal Diagnosis, edited by Joe Leigh Simpson, M.D., and Sherman Elias, M.D. Churchill Livingstone, 1993, p. 320.

"Few data exist concerning safety of even later pregnancy termination procedures (>= 20 weeks gestation). Indeed, many states preclude pregnancy termination after 24 weeks gestation except to save the life of the mother. The size of the conceptus at this stage of pregnancy makes D and E technically problematic.... Delivery of a fetus after 24 weeks gestation will frequently result in an infant capable of survival...." --Essentials of Prenatal Diagnosis, edited by Joe Leigh Simpson, M.D., and Sherman Elias, M.D. Churchill Livingstone, 1993, p. 327.

"Every time a sperm cell and ovum unite a new being is created which is alive and will continue to live unless its death is brought about by some specific condition." --Pathology of the Fetus and the Infant, 3rd Ed. E.L. Potter and J.M. Craig (1975) page vii.

"A new individual is created when the elements of a potent sperm merge with those of a fertile egg." --from the article "Pregnancy" in The Encyclopedia Britanica, 15ed, vol 14 1974. page 968.

"A long curved Mayo scissors may be necessary to decapitate and dismember the fetus." --Warren Hern, "Operative Procedures and Technique" Abortion Practice, page 154.

"Your baby starts out as a fertilized egg... For the first six weeks, the baby is called an embryo." --Prenatal Care, US Dept of Health and Human Services, Maternal and Child Health Div 1990.

"Human development is a continuous process that begins when an oocyte from a female is fertilized by a sperm from a male." page 1 --The Developing Human:Clinically Oriented Embryology. 5th Ed. Moore and Persaud. 1993. Saunders Company.

"Although it is coustomary to divide human development into prenatal and postnatal periods, it is important to realize that birth is merely a dramatic event during development resulting in a change in environment." page 1 --The Developing Human:Clinically Oriented Embryology. 5th Ed. Moore and Persaud. 1993. Saunders Company.

"Human development begins at fertilization." page 3 --The Developing Human:Clinically Oriented Embryology. 5th Ed. Moore and Persaud. 1993. Saunders Company.

"It is the penetration of the ovum by a sperm and the resultant mingling of the nuclear material each brings to the union that constitutes the initiation of the life of a new individual." page 30. --Patten's Human Embryology. Clark Edward Corliss. 1976. McGraw-Hill, Inc. ISBN 0-07-013150-3.

"It should always be remembered that many organs are still not completely developed by full term and birth should be regarded only as an incident in the whole developmental process." page vi. --Human Embryology. F. Beck. 1985. Blackwell Scientific Publications. ISBN 0-632-01041-X.

"The zygote is the first cell of a new human being." --Before We Are Born. 3rd Ed. Keith L. Moore. 1989.

W. B. Saunders Company. ISBN 0-7216-2207-0.

"The practice of separating embryonic from fetal periods is clearly somewhat arbitrary, as most biologic events are not timed so precisely.... Indeed, many of these processes are not confined to fetal life but extend well into the postnatal period. Examples include glomerulopoiesis in the kidney, alveolar multiplication in the lung, and myelination of the nervous system." --Gynecology & Obstetrics: A longitudinal approach New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1993 p. 37.

Placental Transport Mechanisms       Mechanism       Example


-Simple Diffusion.........................oxygen, carbon dioxide...sodium, glucose -Facilitated Diffusion....................glucose -Active Transport.........................some amino acids, calcium -Pinocytosis..............................immunoglobulins
--Gynecology & Obstetrics: A longitudinal approach New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1993 p. 214.

"...[the symptoms of pregnancy] arise from the orderly bodily changes dictated by the rising levels of hormones elaborated by the placenta and by the growth of the fetus." --Gynecology & Obstetrics: A longitudinal approach New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1993 p. 223.

"The trophoblast, first as the embryonic blastocyst, then as the early placenta, and finally as the mature fetal-placenta-decidua unit, is responsible for the bulk of hormone production during pregnancy." --Gynecology & Obstetrics: A longitudinal approach

New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1993 p. 223. NOTE--The only pregnancy hormone produced by the mother is Deoxycorticosterone, which is made in the kidney from progesterone produced by the placenta.

"..embryology, fetology, genetics, perinatology, all of biology--establishes the humanity of the unborn child." page 7 --from an Amicus Curiae to the Supreme Court from fellows in the American College of Ob & Gyn filed Oct. 15, 1971. Re: No. 70-18.

Both the Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictonary and the Tuber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictonary define embryo as "the human young from the time of ferrtilization of the ovum until the beginning of the third month." Editions from 1978.

"The electrophysiologic rhythm of the brain develops early. Detailed EEG tracings have been taken directly from the headend of 16 mm (crown-rump) human embryos at 40-odd days gestation...." --"Life or Death by EEG", Hannibal Hamlin, M.D., from the Journal of the American Medical Association, Oct 12, 1964, p. 113. "[Brainwave] recordings from embryos of 45 to 120 days gestation through surface and depth electrodes have shown responses to sedative and stimulant drugs, normal sleep spindles, and the effect of lack of oxygen by paroxysmal high voltage slow waves and ultimate electrical silence." --"Life or Death by EEG", Hannibal Hamlin, M.D., from the Journal of the American Medical Association, Oct 12, 1964, p. 113.

"Cutaneous snesory receptors appear in the perioral area of the human fetus in the 7th week of gestation; they spread to the rest of the face, the palms of the hands, and the soles of the feet by the 11th week, to the trunk and proximal parts of arms and legs by the 15th week, and to all cutaneous and mucous surfaces by the 20th week. The spread of cutaneous receptors is preceded by the development of synapses between sensory fibers and interneurons in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord, which first appear during the 6th week of gestation." --"Pain in the Neonate and Fetus", Anand et al., from the New England Journal of Medicine, 317(21), Nov 19, 1987, p. 1322.

"Our data support the concept that the antiglucocorticoid RU486 at pharmacological concentrations can exert agonistic- immunosuppressive effects." --Antonakis, N. et al., Journal of Steroid Biochemsitry, 1991 39(6), p. 929-935.

"The time elapsed between RU486 intake and complete expulsion was 2.4 +/- 1.3 days. Expulsion took place on the third day in 935 women (72 percent) and on the fourth day in 273 women (21 percent)." --Shangchun, W., et al., Contraception, 1992 46, p. 203-210.

"Uterine bleeding occurred on the second or third day after RU486 intake in 1256 women (88.8 percent), and lasted 11.7 +/- 6.4 (SD) days, range 2-55 days. One subject had blood transfusions due to excessive bleeding." --Shangchun, W., et al., Contraception, 1992 vol 46, p. 203-210.

"It should be emphasized that the [RU486/PG] treatment must be used under close medical supervision in order to monitor the uterine bleeding." --Shangchun, W., et al., Contraception, 1992 vol 46, p. 203-210.

"Prolonged bleeding/spotting lasting more than two weeks had been found in more than 20 percent of women who had complete abortion in this study [of RU486/ prostaglandin treatment]." --Shangchun, W., et al., Contraception, 1992 vol 46, p. 203-210.

"It should be emphasized that RU486 in combination with prostaglandins be used only in clinics where emergency facilities are available." --Shangchun, W., et al., Contraception, 1992 vol 46, p. 203-210.

"Fertilization is an important landmark because, under normal circumstances, a new, genetically distinct human organism is thereby formed." page 5. --Human Embryology and Teratology. Ronan O'Rahilly and Fabiola Muller. 1992. Wiley-Liss, Inc. ISBN 0-471-56186-X.

"Fertilization thus results in a restoration of the diploid number of chromosomes, the determination of the chromosomal sex of the new individual and the initiation of cleavage." page 46. --Basic Human Embryology. 3rd Ed. C P Wendell Smith and P L Williams. 1984. Pitman Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-272-79720-0.

"The unborn fetus spends periods in deep sleep, in wakefulness (characterized by responsiveness to stimuli and by apparently purposeful movements) and in sleep with rapid eye movement (characterized also by twitching movement) and by movement of fluid in and out of the lungs - fetal breathing." page 166. --Basic Human Embryology. 3rd Ed. C P Wendell Smith and P L Williams. 1984. Pitman Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-272-79720-0.

"Human embryology is the science that is concerned with the origin and development of the human being from fertilization of the ovum to the birth of an infant." page 1. --Before We Are Born. 3rd Ed. Keith L. Moore. 1989. W. B. Saunders Company. ISBN 0-7216-2207-0.

"Down syndrome patients exhibit a range of mental and physical impariments. But given the proper education and medical attention, many of them are accomplishing much more than was once believed possible. Predicting the limits of people with genetic handicaps is uncertain." --Scientific American. June 1994. p.96.

Quote Database


"The cell (a single-celled zygote) results from fertilization of an oocyte by a sperm and is the beginning of human life." -The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology Keith L. Moore. 2nd Ed., Philadelphia W.B. Sanders, 1977.

"Sadly, many home remedies could damage a fetus instead of kill it." -Newsweek, July 17, 1989.

"An abortion law based on viability would require constant redefinition. If we were to take the Court at its word, we would find ourselves with a law that makes last year's 'abortions' this years homocides in some cases. It appears inevitable that the day will come when the unborn will always be potentially viable outside the womb." -Dr. Landrum Shettles, contributor to 50 medical textbooks, expert on fertility. NOTE: The famous test-tube babies have already survived for days outside of the womb before implantation.

"I don't think abortion is ever wrong. As long as an individual is completely dependant upon the mother, it is not a person." -Virginia Abernethy, Vanderbilt School of Medicine, psychiatrist and antropologist quoted from Newsweek, January 14, 1985. Newsweek editor: "In this view, which is shared by other prochoice theorists, an individual becomes a person only when he or she becomes a responsible moral agent--around three or four."

"Through public conditioning, use of language, concepts, and laws, the idea of abortion can be separated from the idea of killing." -Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, December 1971.

"We spoke of 5,000 to 10,000 deaths a year [from abortion, then illegal]. I confess that I knew the figures were totally false... It was a useful figure, widely accepted, so why go out of our way to correct it with honest statistics?" -Dr. Bernard Nathanson, co-founder of NARAL. In fact there were 45 deaths in 1973 from illegal abortions. --US Bureau of Vital Statistics

"The picture of the baby on the ultrasound bothered me more than anything else. The staff couldn't take it. Women who were having abortions were never allowed to see the ultrasound." -Dr. Joseph Randall, abortionist.

"We were told to find the woman's weakness and work on it. The women were never given any alternatives. They were told how much trouble it was to have a baby." -Debra Henry, abortion clinic staffer.

"Recent evidence indicates many women harbor strong guilt feelings long after their abortions. Guilt is one important cause of child battering and infanticide. Abortion lowers women's self-esteem and there are studies reporting a major loss of self-esteem in battering parents." -Dr. Philip Ney from the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 1979.

"The survey data yield the unmistakable conclusion: Americans generally disapprove of abortion in most circumstances under which it is currently performed." -Gallup Poll conclusion.

"An abortion kills the life of a baby after it has begun. It is dangerous to your life and health." --Planned Parenthood 'Plan Your Children' pamphlet, 1963.

"Seeing a blown-up, moving image of the embryo she is carrying can be distressing to a woman about to undergo an abortion. The [sonogram] screen should be turned away from her." --Dr. Dorfman, OB GYN News, Feb 1986.

"With the invention of biopsy transducers, surgery can be performed [while] observing with ultrasound. Procedures such as blood transfusions, biopsies, fluid aspirations, and amniocentesis can be performed within the womb, and the baby can now be treated as a separate patient." --Shari Richard, Ultrasonographer, "Ultrasound: A Window to the Womb" (Video)

"In fact many women will come to me considering abortion, and I have been personally told that I am to turn the monitor away from her view so that seeing her baby jump around on the screen does not influence her choice." --Shari Richard, Ultrasonographer, "Ultrasound: A Window to the Womb" (Video)

"About once a day, somewhere in the US, something goes wrong and an abortion results in a live baby." --"Avoiding Tough Abortion Complications, A Live Birth" Medical World News, Nov. 14, 1977

Forty-five of the 607 midtrimester abortions done at Mount Sinai Hospital in Hartford, CT, between 1974 and 1976 resulted in live births. --"Avoiding Tough Abortion Complications, A Live Birth" Medical World News Nov. 14, 1977

"More children from the fit, less from the unfit, that is the chief issue of birth control." --Margret Sanger(founder of Planned Parenthood) from The Birth Control Review, May 1919

"If we must have welfare, give it to the rich, not the poor." --Margret Sanger in The Pivot of Civilization (Brentano's Inc., 1992, page 96) NOTE: This book called for the sterilization of "genetically inferior races."(p. 264)

"[We are] proud to be walking in the footsteps" of Margret Sanger. --Faye Wattleton, former president of Planned Parenthood.

In a study perfomed with 252 women, the investigators concluded that "the occurrance of either induced or spontaneous abortions independently and significantly increased the risk of subsequent development of secondary infertility." --Study done at Harvard from the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. Feb 1993 issue.

"Abortion concerns not only the unborn child, it concerns every one of us." --Former President of the United States, Ronald Reagan

"Infanticide will closely follow abortion because it will be 'justified' for the same reasons." --Former Surgeon General of the US, pediatric surgeon, Dr. C. Everett Koop

"The greatest misery of our time is the generalized abortion of children." --Mother Teresa.

"Life is a continuum. From the moment the egg is fertilized a new life has begun. All of the genetic information is present to construct a unique individual. Gender ,physical features, eye color have already been determined. The baby's heart begins beating regularly at 24 days. Babies in the womb hiccup, cry, play, and learn." --Living Epistles, 1-800-874-4790.

"Does any situation justify killing an innocent unborn child?" --T. Primm, co-creator of LifeBot.

"The question is, does the baby have rights if society refuses to acknowledge them? In as much as slavery is wrong, whether the slaves are represented in the government or not. The injustices that the Nazis performed on the Jews was wrong, even though the Jews had no voice at the time." --S. Broadwell, co-creator of LifeBot.

"Either the fetus is a person or not. Either we know what it is or we don't. This leaves only 4 possibilities: (1) A fetus is not a person, and we know that. This has NEVER been any evidence to support this. (2) A fetus is a person, and we know that. Killing an innocent person knowingly is murder. (3) A fetus is a person, and we do not know that. Killing a person without knowing or intending to is manslaughter. It's like shooting at a sudden movement in a bush which ay be a deer or another hunter. (4) A fetus is not a person, and we do not know that. If the hunter didn't know for sure and shot anyway, it is criminal negligence, even if noone was killed. Abortion might be three things-murder, manslaughter, or criminal negligence- each of which is not debated but instinctively condemned." --Choices, by Peter Kreeft

"...genetic counseling should be nondirective, that is, the counselor should remain objective in providing information that will allow competent counselees to make their own informed decision." --Essentials of Prenatal Diagnosis, edited by Joe Leigh Simpson, M.D., and Sherman Elias, M.D. Churchill Livingstone, 1993, p. 398.

"To apply a stern and rigid policy of sterilization and segregation to that grade of population whose progeny are already tainted, or whose inheritance is such that objectionable traits may be transmitted to offspring." --Margaret Sanger "Plan for Peace", from Birth Control Review vol 16, 1932. Ms Sanger was the founder of Planned Parenthood.

"To give dysgenic groups in our population their choice of segregation or sterilization." --Margaret Snager "Plan for Peace", from Birth Control Review vol 16, 1932. Ms. Sanger was the founder of Planned Parenthood.

"We have devalued the worth of the individual and if somebody doesn't have good functioning abilities, if they are old, disabled, poor or uninsured, then we deem that their life isn't worth living." -- Joni Eareckson Tada. As a teen, she lost the use of her arms and legs in a diving accident. She went on to become an accomplished artist, writer, recording artist, broadcaster, and advocate for those with disabilities of all kinds.


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